Poland unforgettable memories

Nature

Location

Poland is situated in Central Europe, on the Baltic Sea. Its area of 312 685 km2 places the country as the 9th largest in Europe. In the north, Poland borders Russia, in the east - Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, in the south - Slovakia and the Czech Republic, in the west - Germany. Comparatively, the area occupied by Poland is larger than Italy, New Zealand or the United Kingdom and slightly smaller than Norway or the US state of New Mexico.

Poland is the largest of the East European countries that joined the EU in May 2004. Poland, with population of 38,130,300 (i.e. less than Spain and a bit more than Canada) ranks among the most influential and remarkable countries in Central and Eastern Europe.

Poland
  • inhabitants -38,130,300
  • density - 122 inh./km2 Note: In two regions of the lowest population density (podlaskie and warmińsko-mazurskie) there are about 59 inh./km2.
Capital of Poland - Warsaw
  • inhabitants -1 707 981
  • density - 3 302 inh./km2
  • agglomeration - 3 370 000

Poland's spectacularly beautiful landscape includes mountain chains, lakes, plains, heights and seaside with marvellous sand beaches. It is an excellent place for tourists seeking peace, fresh air and relaxation as well as a playground for adrenaline seekers and adventurers.

Climate

Poland's climate is temperate with both maritime and continental elements. There are four equally long seasons. Spring begins in March, its average temperature ranges from 5ºC to 15ºC. It is cold and windy in March and April, sunny days start at the end of April. May and June are usually sunny and warm. Summer begins in June, its average temperature ranges from 16ºC to 18ºC. Summer is also the most rainy season of the year. The warmest month is July (18ºC to 22ºC, especially in central and eastern Poland). Autumn begins in September, its average temperature ranges from 5ºC to 15ºC. It is at first warm and usually sunny, turning cold, damp and foggy in November. Winter begins in December, its temperature drops below 0ºC. The coldest months are January and February when the temperature drops to -15ºC or even -20ºC. Polish winters are often snowy and sometimes frosty. High mountains are covered in snow until May.

Weather Forecast

To find out about the weather in a region go to: http://www.pogodynka.pl/index.php?language=en or to: http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/5day.shtml?world=4508 (BBC 5 day forecast for main cities in Poland) or to: http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/weather/maps/city?WMO=12375&LANG=en

National Parks

Mountains, rivers, lakes, sand beaches, forests, untouched wild places... All these you can find in one country. In Polish national parks you can see animals which are known only from the zoo in other countries. There are 23 national parks in Poland. The parks are open to visitors, but nature conservation is its main objective and has priority over all other activities.Therefore the tourists may move only within the marked areas, routes and roads. There are natural science museums in many of the parks. In the surroundings of each park the tourists are sure to find accommodation.

Three most popular national parks in Poland:
  • Tatrzański National Park
  • Białowieski National Park
  • Słowiński National Park.
Tatrzański National Park

It covers the area of the highest mountains in Poland - the Tatra. It is the only range in Poland, which is alpine in its character. It is the highest range of the Central Carpathian Mountains. There is a net of tourists routes of varying difficulty: from typical promenade paths to very difficult ones for professionals. In winter it is full of the ski runs and in summer there are plenty of bike routes. There are a lot of caves, waterfalls, springs, streams and lakes. The most famous lakes are Morskie Oko (Eye of the Sea, 34.5 ha), Wielki Staw Polski (the Great Polish Pond, with a depth of 79.3 m) and Czarny Staw (Black Pond), all filled in the post-glacial ravines, adding to the charm of this Park. While walking across the mountains you may meet a lot of animals, including brown bears which sometimes really worry tourists.

More: http://www.topofpoland.com/index.php?id=2&top=36&t=1

Białowieski National Park

Bialowieski National Park is the oldest in Poland and one of the oldest in Europe. It is the only national park in Europe with an area of the original, primitive forest that has never been changed by a human being. The Bialowieski Forests belong to the World Biosphere Reserves. Since 1979 Bialowieski National Park has been inscribed on the World Heritage List. There are about 500 European bisons living in the wild there.

You can visit an interesting Muzeum Przyrodnicze im. J. Miklaszewskiego ( Natural Science Museum ) and a historic park with 800 years old oaks where you can see and make photos of European bisons, stags, roe deers, wild boars, lynxes, wolves, foxes, martens, badgers, otters, ermines, beavers and numerous bats. It is also a show place reserve for tarpan (the Polish wild forest horse). Bird species include the black storks, Pomeranian eagles, tawny owls, cranes and ravens.

More: http://www.topofpoland.com/index.php?id=2&top=51&t=1

Slovinski National Park (Słowiński Park Narodowy)

The park preserves the most beautiful part of the Baltic southern coast, with the biggest sandy dunes in Europe, which move under the influence of strong, stormy winds (5 to 30m in one year). Once you are there, the amount of sand makes you feel as if you were on a desert. There are several coastal lakes in the park, the biggest of them is Łebsko (71.4 sq. km, mean depth = 6.3 m), a good place for the surfers, who can find sporting facilities and accommodation. The heritage park in Kluki is also worth visiting. The Park is registered on the World List of Biosphere Reserves.

More: http://www.topofpoland.com/index.php?id=2&top=57&t=1

Polish National Parks websites: